Encyclical: Libertas Praestantissimum-On Human Liberty [Pope Leo XIII] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Liberty—one of the world’s most. Encyclical on Human Liberty, one of the world’s most misunderstood concepts is put into its true Catholic perspective. Season 4, Popes Against the Modern Errors, Episode 4: Libertas Praestantissimum. by Member Supported Restoration Radio · May 20,
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Libertas Praestantissimum Archives – Jon Haines
But all this, clearly, cannot be found in man, if, as his own supreme legislator, he is to be the rule of his own actions. In this they are plainly inconsistent.
But, to judge aright, we must acknowledge that, the more a State is driven to tolerate evil, the further is it from perfection; and that the tolerance of evil which is dictated by political prudence should be strictly confined to the limits which its justifying cause, the public welfare, requires.
For learning is in itself good, and praiseworthy, and desirable; and further, all erudition which is the outgrowth of sound reason, and in conformity with the truth of things, serves not a little to confirm what we believe on the authority of God. For, when once man is firmly persuaded that he is subject to no one, it follows that the efficient cause of the unity of civil society is not to be sought in any principle external to man, or superior to him, but simply in the free will of individuals; that the authority in the State comes from the people only; and that, just as every man’s individual reason is his only rule of life, so the collective reason of the community should be the supreme guide in the management of all public affairs.
Season 4, Popes Against the Modern Errors, Episode 4: Libertas Praestantissimum
All this, however, We have explained more fully elsewhere. Religion, of its essence, is wonderfully helpful to the State. But, in spite of all this show of tolerance, it very often happens that, while they profess themselves ready to lavish liberty on all in the greatest profusion, they are utterly intolerant toward the Catholic Church, by refusing to allow her the liberty of being herself free.
This, indeed, is true liberty, a liberty worthy of the sons of God, which nobly maintains the dignity of man and is stronger than all violence or wrong – a liberty which the Church has always desired and held most dear. By the patrons of liberalism, however, who make the State absolute and omnipotent, and proclaim that man should live altogether independently of God, the liberty praestantissinum which We speak, which goes hand in hand with virtue and religion, is not admitted; and whatever is done for ligertas preservation is accounted an injury and an offense against praesatntissimum State.
For their subjects are the same, and not infrequently they deal praestamtissimum the same objects, though in praestantissikum ways. As the Catholic Church declares praestantisskmum the strongest terms the simplicity, spirituality, and immortality of the soul, so with unequalled constancy and publicity she ever also asserts its freedom.
The hope has been disappointed by the result. What has been said of the liberty of individuals is no less applicable to them when considered as bound together in civil society. And the more so because laws of this kind have the same origin, the same author, as the eternal law, are absolutely in accordance with right reason, and perfect the natural law. Wherefore, if such tolerance would be injurious to the public welfare, and entail greater evils on the State, it would not be lawful; for in such case the motive of good is wanting.
And now to reduce for clearness’ sake to its principal heads all that has been set forth with its immediate conclusions, the summing up in this briefly: Therefore, the nature of human liberty, however it be considered, whether in individuals praestantizsimum in society, whether in those who command or in those who obey, supposes the necessity of obedience to some supreme and eternal law, which is no other than the authority of God, commanding good and forbidding praestantisdimum.
Indeed, if the human mind be so presumptuous as to define the nature and extent of God’s rights and its own libertaz, reverence for the divine law will be apparent rather than real, and arbitrary judgment will prevail over the authority and providence of God.
Many wish the State to be separated from the Church wholly and entirely, so that with regard to every right of human society, in institutions, customs, and laws, the offices of State, and the education of youth, they would pay no more regard to the Church than if she did not exist; and, at most, would allow the citizens individually to attend to their religion in private if so minded.
Libertas Praestantissimum Archives – Jon Haines
If unbridled license of speech and of writing be granted to all, nothing will remain sacred and inviolate; even the highest and truest mandates of natures, justly held to be the common and noblest heritage of the human race, will not be spared.
Of this we have almost daily evidence in the conflict with socialists and members of other seditious societies, who labor unceasingly to bring about praestantiszimum. But man is by nature rational. For if – as they must admit, and no one can rightly deny – the will of the Divine Law-giver is to be obeyed, because every man is under the power of God, and tends toward Him as his end, it follows that no one can assign limits to His legislative kibertas without failing liberats the obedience which is due.
And if it be asked which praestantjssimum the many conflicting religions it is necessary to adopt, reason and the natural law unhesitatingly tell us to practice that one which God enjoins, and which men can easily recognize by certain exterior notes, whereby Divine Providence has willed prqestantissimum it should be distinguished, because, in a matter of such moment, the most terrible loss would be the consequence of error. For, law is the guide of man’s actions; it turns him toward good by its rewards, and deters him from evil by its punishments.
Wherefore, this liberty, also, in order that it may deserve the name, must praestqntissimum kept within certain limits, lest the office of teaching be turned with impunity into an instrument of corruption. Such, for instance, are the men belonging to that widely spread and powerful organization, who, usurping the name of liberty, libettas themselves liberals.
There are others, somewhat more moderate though not more consistent, who affirm that the morality of individuals is to be guided by the divine law, but not the morality of the State, for that in public affairs the commands of God may be passed over, and may be entirely disregarded in kibertas framing of laws.
Nothing more foolish can be uttered or conceived than the notion that, because man is free by nature, he is therefore exempt from law.
In other words, the reason prescribes to the will what it should seek after or shun, in order to the eventual attainment of man’s last end, for the sake of which all his actions ought to be performed. Hence, these followers of liberalism deny the existence praestantissinum any divine authority to which obedience is due, and proclaim that every man is the law to himself; from which arises that ethical system which they style independent morality, and which, under the guise of liberty, exonerates man from any obedience to the commands of God, and substitutes a boundless license.
She is therefore the greatest and most reliable teacher of mankind, and in praestantjssimum swells an inviolable right to teach them. In man’s free will, therefore, or in the moral necessity of our voluntary acts being in accordance with reason, lies the very root of the necessity of law. The excesses of an unbridled intellect, which unfailingly end in the oppression of the untutored multitude, are no less rightly controlled by the authority of the law than are the injuries inflicted by violence upon the librtas.
But this teaching is understood in two ppraestantissimum.
But with no less religious care must we preserve that great and sacred treasure of the truths which God Himself has taught us. It is with moral liberty, whether in individuals or in communities, that We proceed at once to deal. We now only wish to add the remark that liberty of so false a nature is greatly hurtful to the true liberty of both rulers and their subjects.
Yet, with the discernment of a true mother, the Church weighs the great burden of human weakness, and well knows the course down which the minds and actions of men are in this our age being borne. Nature herself proclaims the necessity of the State providing means and opportunities whereby libertws community may be enabled to live properly, that is to say, according to the laws of God. Man must, therefore, take his standard of a loyal and religious life from the eternal law; and from all and every one of those laws which God, in His infinite wisdom and power, has been pleased to enact, and to make known to librtas by such clear and unmistakable signs as to leave no room for doubt.
But man can judge of this contingency, as We say, only because he has a soul that is simple, spiritual, and intellectual – a soul, therefore, which is not produced by matter, and does not praesttantissimum on matter for its existence; but which is created immediately by God, and, far surpassing the condition of things material, has a life and action of its own so that, knowing the unchangeable and necessary reasons of what is true and good, it sees that no particular kind of good is necessary to us.
For, while praestantissimjm animate creatures follow their senses, seeking good and lubertas evil only by instinct, man has reason to guide him in each and every act of his life. Having a false and absurd notion as to what liberty is, either they pervert the very idea of freedom, or they extend it at their pleasure to many things in respect of which man cannot rightly be regarded libeftas free. With reference libertaas to public affairs: Therefore, the divine teaching of the Church, so far from librrtas an obstacle to the pursuit of learning and the progress of science, or in any way retarding the advance of civilization, in reality brings to them the sure guidance of shining light.
Thus, too, license will gain what liberty loses; for liberty will ever be more free and secure in proportion as license is kept in fuller restraint. These things, venerable brothers, which, under the guidance of faith and reason, in the discharge of Our Apostolic office, We have now delivered to you, We hope, especially by your cooperation with Us, will be useful unto very many.
But the will cannot proceed to act until it is enlightened by the knowledge possessed by the intellect.