A sectional view of an image orthicon is shown in the below figure. It has three main sections: image section, scanning section and electron. Historical information about the start of the first television camera tubes. The huge 4,5″ EEV Image Orthicon with in front a 2/3″ Vidicon tube. This EEV. This chapter discusses television X-ray image intensifiers that use an image orthicon camera tube of the type used in many television studios. The electrostatic.

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The center think local axis of one of those helices is like a line of force of the magnetic field.

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The output from the detector is an electric current whose magnitude is a measure of the brightness of the corresponding area of the image. Secondary electrons are produced by the impact of the photo-electrons on the target and these are collected by the fine mesh screen which is held at a definite small positive potential with respect to the target. Originally developed by Toshiba in as chalniconPasecon is a registered trademark of Heimann GmbH from The history of television, to Encyclopedia of Television, second edition.

As a precaution against light leakage, which has been shown to cause spurious results, the gun end of the tube is coated with an opaque enamel.

In a magnetically focused camera tube there are electrostatically focused vidiconsthe vertical deflection coils are above and below the tube, instead of being on both sides of it. Deflection fields bend the lines of force with negligible defocusingand the electrons follow the lines of force.

This was the first time that anyone could broadcast a live street scene from cameras installed on the roof of neighbor buildings. This method allowed regular black-and-white image tubes and CRTs to generate and display color images.


Draw and explain image orthicon camera tube in detail with advantages and disadvantages.

The target is nearly at ground potential with a small positive charge, thus when the electrons reach the target at low speed they are absorbed without ejecting more electrons. Early sensors were of lower resolution and performance than picture tubes, and were initially relegated to consumer-grade video recording equipment.

The inventor of stereo: Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. The image iconoscope is essentially identical to the super-Emitron, but imags target is constructed of a thin layer of isolating material placed on top of a conductive base, the mosaic thbe metallic granules is missing.

image orthicon

As indicated in the figure, positive accelerating potentials of 80 to volts are applied to grid 2, grid 3, and grid 4 which is connected internally to the metalized conductive coating on the inside wall of the tube. Although the idea of using color stripe filters over the target was not new, the Trinicon was the only tube to use the imahe RGB colors. In effect, the electrons travel along the lines of force, although helically, in detail.

This page was last edited on 14 Decemberat The image orthocon tube was at one point colloquially referred to as an “Immy”.

All the vidicon type tubes except the vidicon itself were able to use a light biasing technique to improve the sensitivity and contrast. The screen potential limits the excursion of the target and ensures complete iimage at all light levels.

Video camera tubes were devices based on the cathode ray tube that were used to capture television images prior to the introduction of charge-coupled devices CCDs in the s. Each globule is very active photoelectrically and constitutes, to all intents and purposes, a minute individual photoelectric cell”.


The target end of the wall coating grid No. Although the video camera tube is now technologically obsolete, the size of solid state sensors is still expressed as the equivalent size of a camera tube. The resultant signal was immune to lrthicon extraneous signal “crosstalk” from other parts of the target, and could yield extremely detailed images. In detail, coils in a deflection yoke extend some distance beyond the neck of the tube, and lie close to the flare of the bulb; they have a truly distinctive appearance.

This configurations allows the use of a straight camera tube, because the scene to be transmitted, the charge storage plate, and the electron gun can be aligned one after the other.

On average, each image electron ejects several “splash” electrons thus adding amplification by secondary emissionand these excess electrons are soaked up by the positive mesh effectively removing electrons from the target and causing a positive charge on it in relation to the incident light in the photocathode.

The later Vidicon tube and its descendants see below do not exhibit this effect, and so could not be used for broadcast purposes imaye special “detail correction” circuitry could be developed. United States Patent Office.

These focus coils are essentially as long as the tubes themselves, and surround the deflection yoke coils. Draw and explain image orthicon camera tube in detail with advantages and disadvantages. This is maintained at a potential a few volts positive with respect to the wall coating.

The target plate is made of a very thin sheet of glass and can store the charge received by it.

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