Download Citation on ResearchGate | DIALEKTIKA PENDIDIKAN ETIKA DALAM ISLAM (Analisis Pemikiran Ibnu Maskawaih) | p> Bahasa. View the profiles of people named Ibnu Maskawaih. Join Facebook to connect with Ibnu Maskawaih and others you may know. Facebook gives people the. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ya`qub, surnamed Miskawaih, is also called Abu ‘Ali al-Khazin. It is yet undecided whether he was himself Miskawaih or the son of.

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These pleasures are numerous [44].

Two recent editions of the Arabic text of Miskawayh’s Tahdhib al-akhlaq: If he does not do this, he falls into the place of the wretched, and his link with God is severed. Perhaps it is also possible, from the books referred to and the previous swift overview of his opinions, to set out a clear picture of the Greek influence on the thinking of a Muslim philosopher who drew on the culture of the age he lived in and took from it what was best.

Their highest form being mirjan maskaaih. They will also be favoured in this world, with a pleasant life, and a fine reputation. That is because the iibnu soul is simple, and as yet without imprint, and is ready and receptive to training, fit to be taken care of; when it finds itself ibun a bad social milieu, this leads to its being influenced by those around, and consequently its corruption: The aim in watching over the family here, and training the parents, is to reform the soul of the boy; for when he mixes with his iibnu and plays with those of his own age-group, masawaih is influenced by them.

Then he returned to live in Isfahan, in Persia, for a period of time; it was here that he died and was buried – according to the most reliable account – after a life of nearly a years.

He should not only be factual but also ,askawaih in collecting his data. The boy must not drink during the meal, and must beware of wine and any kinds of intoxicating drinks, for these are harmful to both body and soul. History, thus, is no longer a collection of static and isolated facts, but a dynamic process of creative human hopes and aspirations.

Ibn Miskawaih – Brill Reference

This trust is emphasized by the fact that in many places in his book he considers that his remarks about young boys are equally suitable for adults [27]. The IbnMiskwaih writing has laid the verbal and nonverbal communication, intra-personal communication, interpersonal communication, group communication and also mass communication.


For him the psychological aspect is the most important, so he began with mentioning a number of abstract methods; to start with, Miskawayh gives a number of positive aspects, i.

The basic responsibility for this falls upon the parents [42]. Yaqut says that he was first a Magi majusi and was later converted to Islam. Communication ethics is an ethical standard for communicators and communicants in communication. Philosophers by century CE. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. He did not confine himself to the works of the great Greek philosophers, but studied others and naskawaih to them also in mas,awaih various works.

Of the above works al-Qifti 6 mentions only 1, 2, 3 and 4 and adds the following:. This is preceded in the first maqala by a discussion of the soul and its virtues. Charity, thus, is a form of justice which is safe from disturbance. Of all the Muslim philosophers and thinkers whose intellectual works have come down to us, he is the only one to have said this.

Numbers 2, 3, 13 are now extant and have been published.

The Ethical Theory of Education of Ahmad Miskawayh

This is an important aspect of Miskawaih’s philosophical view, and explains his great interest in ethics. A good man is a friend to himself and other people are also friends to him; he has no maskawakh except the bad. Miskawaih quotes Aristotle saying that man is in need of friends in good as well as in bad circumstances. But happiness or well-being is a relative good – good for an individual person. Our being is very weak because of the long chain of intermediaries between God and us.

Different kinds of stones developed in course of time.

In order to realize this end, the historian should scrupulously guard himself against the common tendency of mixing up facts maskawaig fiction or pseudo-events. Our republishing of the article relies on the authorisation embedded by the publisher according to maskawaihh the document may be reproduced free of charge as long as acknowledgement is made of the source.

In this case, the boy must understand the basic aim of taking food, that it is a necessity and is desired for the health of the body, not as a means of sensory pleasure; hence he looks on it as medicinal for the body, to remedy the pains of hunger and guard against illness.


All classes of beings come to be through God, and it is His emanating being and permeating might which conserve order in the cosmos.

The next stage of development was mineral life. His book Tadhib al-akhlaq Ethical Instruction is considered as the first ubnu Islamic work on philosophical ethics. If God abstains from this emanation, nothing will come into existence. Miskawayh advises giving the boy the opportunity to play at certain times, although this play must be of a good kind, to let him relax from the weariness of learning and observing etiquette; however, there should be nothing in this play to cause the boy pain or distress [47].

Education, teaching and learning institutions on MuslimHeritage. It is divided into three parts. We also have five others which maskawaig not mentioned by Yagiit and al-Qifti. The human being’s personal effort in seeking knowledge, and in his work and his conduct, leads him to be: Others, however, who at first are neither good nor bad, are definitely maxkawaih either in the one direction or the other, through upbringing mzskawaih social intercourse. Here he affirms anew his two-fold Anschauung.

Through the sphere and its parts our bodies come into being.

The former is condemnable, the latter praiseworthy. Ibnh Miskawaih at once corrects himself by saying that this voluntary death does not mean renunciation of the world; that would be the attitude of those who know nothing about the objects of this world and ignore that man is civil by nature and cannot live without the help and service of others. He makes a specific mention of the love of man for God, of disciple for teacher, and of son for his parents in a graded series, as pointed out earlier.

Based on work at: It is pure good, while reason is the first good.