He described the Ginkgo in his work “Amoenitatum Exoticarum” (Lemgo, ). It is assumed that Kaempfer saw a Ginkgo tree for the first time in his life in Nagasaki in February Later Kaempfer brought Ginkgo-seeds to Holland. KAEMPFER, ENGELBERT, German physician and traveler to Russia, the Orient, and the Far East (b. Lemgo, Westphalia, 16 September ;. English: Engelbert Kaempfer (September 16, – November 2, ), a German naturalist and physician is known for his tour of Russia.

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During the journey Kaempfer exhibited a constant interest in historical sites, landscapes, and natural curiosities. He was one of the keenest observers of foreign cultures of his time. In he joined a Swedish trade mission destined for Persia and arrived in Isfahan in Retrieved 2 June kaeempfer On October 31,Kaempfer left Dejima to go to Batavia.

In November he left Japan for Java. On various occasions he left the Swedish group to visit special sites, such as Mount Barmach and, nearby, the oil sources of enggelbert Apsheron peninsula near Baku. Engelbert Kaempfer played a key role in introducing the soybean and soyfoods to the Western world.

Engelbert Kaempfer

Geschichte und Beschreibung von Japan. Since Scheuchzer was not a native English speaker, he often had to ask for advice. Engelbert Kaempfer natus in Lemgo die 16 Septembris – mortuus est in Lieme die 2 Novembris fuit medicus et explorator Germanicusqui multa de itineribus eius in Persiam et Iaponiam scripsit.

Today, Kaempfer’s collection and manuscripts kaempfee be found in the British Museum in London. He walked several times through it, visited various gardens and places, and completed a comprehensive investigation of its structure. No exhibits of his collection have remained in Lemgo. The original first edition with its many details and pictures is well worth looking at, however reading the whole book may be cumbersome as the volume cannot be taken out of the library.

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His description of the Persian court and of Japan had a great impact on European discourse well into the 19th century. Kaempfer was one of the greatest European travelers and scientists of the late 17th century. He then traveled to Poland and Prussia, where kaempefr pursued the life of a wandering student, moving from one university to another and focusing mainly on medicine and foreign languages.

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KAEMPFER, ENGELBERT – Encyclopaedia Iranica

Although his observations while in Persia did much to enhance Western knowledge of the Safavid court and the site of Persepolis, it is for his oft-translated description of Japan that he kaempefr best remembered in Europe. This page was last edited on 15 Novemberat The mandatory annual trips, which took one month each, kept the Japanese rulers informed of Europe and its civilization.

Due to his training in many topics such as mathematics, astronomy, natural science and medicine, Kaempfer must be seen as the first person with a scientific approach to countries in Asia which are very different from Europe. His History of Japanpublished posthumously inwas the chief source of Western knowledge about the country throughout the 18th and midth centuries when it was closed to foreigners.

Papers of Engelbert Kaempfer — and related sources from the British Library10 reels, 35 mm positive microfilm, Marlborough, Wiltshire, [contains the manuscripts of the British Library].

The trees have survived to the 21st century. Even though the Shogunate government at the time was bent on not allowing any information on Japan to reach foreigners it was strictly forbidden to make sketches on any military and other important buildingsKaempfer made drawings to which he added the descriptions in Arabic and got away with it.


Most have been published since It was subsequently acquired kempfer Sir Hans Sloane in London, himself an important and famous scientist and collector of literature on science and discoveries.

Engelbert Kaempfer 1651–1716: a biography

On this tiny only by feet artificial island in Nagasaki harbor, connected to the mainland by a narrow peninsula except at high tide, the Dutch East India Company had maintained a trading station and colony sincethe only European station allowed in Japan for years. The Japanese, however, had great respect for and curiosity about European physicians.

Part 1 Kaempfer Part 1 2.

In Japan adopted a foreign relations policy of seclusion Sakoku that was in force until After his death in all the material he collected and his preparatory work for publication went to his nephew, who due to financial constraints had to sell all the manuscripts and collection.

European Travelers on the Iranian Monuments: As early asthe Philosophical Transactions No.

Engelbert Kaempfer Lemgo16 september – Lieme2 november was een Duitse geleerde en reiziger. The first biographical study was written by the Swiss Johann Caspar Scheuchzer, who translated his magnum opus into Kaempfee Kaempfer, His desire for foreign travel led him to become secretary to the second embassy of the Swedish ambassador Ludvig Fabritiuswhom Charles XI sent through Russia to Persia in Here the Dutch were kept almost like prisoners, sealed off from the rest of the country because of past problems caused by Europeans in spreading Christianity.