The Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, (CCCR, ) under the Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA)) help. CCCR, – INTRODUCTION. Using the Health Canada Reference Manual for the. Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, Requirements of. We are happy to see that more and more Canadian E-liquid Manufacturers (even some outside of Canada) are opting to follow the Consumer.
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Sections 1, 2, 3, 14, 15, 17, 19, 24, 34, 35, 39, 45, 46, 53, 60 and schedules 1 and 3 of the Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, Reference Manual do not contain the or amendments to the Regulations and, as such, do not accurately reflect current requirements. The Reference Manual is under review and will be updated over the coming months.
For further information on these and other sections, please refer to the Regulations or contact your local Product Safety Office. The manual is intended to ensure a common understanding and approach in the administration of the Act and Regulations across Canada. The utility of the reference manual will be enhanced by referring to the index. The classification criteria are based on a scientific assessment of the hazards that a product may pose during foreseeable use.
Labelling and packaging requirements are determined from the product classification. The labelling takes the form of hazard symbols, warning statements, safety instructions and first aid statements. In some cases, child-resistant packaging is also required. 20011 approach gives Canadian consumers cxcr health and safety information about the chemical products available to them.
The following types of products are not subject to these requirements, since they are governed by other Canadian legislation: Very hazardous products are prohibited from importation and sale. The prohibition generally applies to products classified as very toxic, very corrosive or very flammable. However, there are a few exceptions, for example, very flammable fuels such as gasoline. A submission to Health Canada to request an exception from prohibition must clearly show the following:. Health Canada will exercise its discretionary authority regarding the request and may make its permission subject to restrictions on the packaging, labelling or conditions of sale.
Once the Regulations have been amended, the exception would apply to all products meeting the amendment conditions. The established criteria, labelling and packaging requirements are intended to provide a guide to manufacturers and importers as to the minimum information that the Canadian government believes is required for consumer safety.
No set of rules cccf cover every situation. Manufacturers and importers are responsible in product liability law for properly assessing the risks of each product and formulation that they sell. Any chemical product used by consumers should be appropriately labelled, whether or not the Regulations call for the specific wording.
These Regulations contain minimum requirements. Manufacturers and importers can add, and are encouraged to add, further information that they consider necessary to fully inform their customers of the hazards of using their products. There is a two-year transition period for upper-level suppliers of consumer chemical products and containers, with an additional one- or two-year transition period at retail, depending on the hazard posed by the product.
The transition period applies to consumer chemical products and containers that were being produced, sold or imported prior to October 1, A product must have reached the stage of production at which the plating-up of its label was completed and the plated-up label complied with the CCCR. Retailers have an additional transition period, to allow for old stock to be depleted.
Products that were entitled to the manufacturer’s transition period may continue to be sold at retail until September 30, if they are classified solely in the categories “harmful”, “irritant”, “combustible” or “pressurized container”. Products classified under any other category must be sold by September 30, The review of the CCCR was conducted over a number of years, with the active collaboration of interested stakeholders, including the medical profession and public health organizations, the chemical industry, senior- and consumer-groups, academia, technical experts and various federal government departments.
All interested stakeholders were represented on a Steering Committee and on one or more of four technical working groups that developed recommendations for improving the legislation. The recommendations were accompanied by the rationale that scientifically supported the proposals.
This approach meant that all groups participated in shaping the results, and that Health Canada foresees co-operation in implementing the resulting Regulations. The numbers in parentheses that follow the item numbers indicate the item number of the standard in the French language table. The principle of acid reserve and alkali reserve incorporates a parameter complementary to pH for quantifying the corrosivity which arises from the acidity or alkalinity of a product.
This approach provides a more accurate method of product classification. The words “used by a consumer” distinguishes the product from chemical products used by workers in an industrial setting or other workplace.
A consumer is considered to be anyone from the general public who has access to a product that is advertised, imported or sold in Canada. A complex mixture can be comprised of a multitude of ingredients whose concentrations may vary from batch to batch.
Examples of complex mixtures are petroleum distillates, d-limonene, pine oil and air. A synthetic mixture of hydrocarbons which approximates the composition of a petroleum distillate does not fit the definition of a complex mixture because it is not naturally occurring. All types of containers are covered under the requirements, including empty containers which are intended to dispense a consumer chemical product sold in bulk.
However, there must be some evidence linking the empty container to the consumer chemical product. Such evidence would include a container that:. The classification criteria in Part 5 describe products that are hazardous because of the internal pressure within the container. If punctured or heated, a pressurized container can rupture, resulting in flying debris or release of hazardous contents. A spray container permits the dispersal of its contents in the form of a mist and includes a pressurized container and a pump-spray container.
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Not all pressurized containers are spray containers, only those that permit release in the form of a mist. Mist is defined as “droplets of liquid suspended in air that are produced by the condensation of vapourized liquid or by the dispersion of a liquid by a spray container”.
Hence, a pressurized container that emits a product in the form of a foam, a mousse or a string would not be considered to be a spray container. This category includes the cccd “very corrosive”, “corrosive” and “irritant”. The classification criteria in Part 2 determine the sub-category into which a product falls. The criteria describe products that are hazardous because they can cause a chemical burn.
The distinction between sub-categories is the degree of injury and whether permanent damage results. The display surface is used to determine the size of the main display panel. The listed exclusions reflect that these areas of the display surface are not customarily used for printing. However, if information appears in these areas, the calculation to determine the main display panel area must reflect this usage. The Concise Oxford Dictionary defines surface as “the outside of a material body”.
The labelling requirements would not be satisfied by placing the required statements on the back of a label located on the front of a transparent container.
CCCR Canadian Consumer Label Review | Nexreg
In that case, the information would not be displayed on the outside of the container that is, the surface because a person would have to look through the container and its contents to see the information. The use of the words “may contain” and other phrases which leave some ambiguity as to the composition and, consequently, the health hazard of the ccdr, is discouraged.
This category includes the sub-categories “very flammable”, “flammable”, “combustible” and “spontaneously combustible”. The classification criteria in Part 3 determine the sub-category into which a product falls. The criteria describe products that are hazardous because they can catch fire.
The distinction between sub-categories is the ease of ignition or length of flame projection. The definition for “fume” is the technical definition to correctly classify a product. However, the term “fumes” is used on a product label to reflect the hazards arising from vapours, gases, fumes or mists.
In focus group testing among Canadian consumers, the term “fumes” was preferred, because it best conveyed in the popular, although not technical, usage, the sense of airborne material which may not be visible.
No one word is technically correct for gases, fumes, mists and vapours. Since “fumes” communicates the hazard best, its use on a label leads to appropriate behaviour during the use and storage of a consumer chemical product.
The definition of “good scientific practices” allows the use of other test data and laboratory practices that are not OECD, so long as they are similar to the OECD guidelines. If another standard is used, the user should be prepared to demonstrate that it is similar to the OECD guidelines.
This is an expert’s decision and an exercise in scientific judgement. Other National Standards of Canada or international standards recognized by the Standards Council of Canada and generally accepted procedures can also be used.
The term “peer-reviewed” does not mean that a study must be published in a journal or other similar scientific publication; it is more flexible. A peer-reviewed study can be external or internal to an cvcr, but it must be reviewed by competent and 20011 people. Health Canada’s evaluators should be able to come to the same conclusions after reviewing all of the same information as the peer-review team.
If there are any discrepancies, then the data are questionable and would not be acceptable for classification purposes.
Frequently Asked Questions – Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, 2001
Ccfr were registered under the Trade Marks Act on June 10, Trade Marks Journal, Vol. Since the correct symbols and warnings are required to prevent unnecessary and inappropriate medical ccfr being given to a victim, the authority under the Trade Marks Act may be used as a means of control when the symbols are being used inappropriately.
The misleading use of the symbols could also be considered to be a violation of Section 7 of the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act or the Competition Actboth of which are administered by Industry Canada. Reliable human data shall be taken into account in determining the appropriate classification of a product. Reliable epidemiological data and experience on the effects of chemicals on humans would include occupational data, data from accident data bases and clinical cases with a product.
Testing on humans solely for hazard identification purposes is generally not acceptable. When such data give valid results different from results with animal data, the human experience takes precedence.
Human data may be used to show that the product cccrr or does not meet a classification criterion. Professional judgement must be used in making an assessment of what is sufficient data in each case and taking into account animal test results. The term “reasonably foreseeable use” means that a supplier must consider the various ways in which a product might be used by the general public, regardless of the original intent. Although consumer chemical products are not intended to be consumed, the swallowing of a product by a child is considered to be reasonably foreseeable use.
Another example is the common consumer practice of mixing bleach with another product, such as a toilet bowl cleaner an acidthereby creating toxic fumes. The main display panel is that portion of the container which bears the identifiers of the product, that is, the brand name and purpose of the product, and is commonly referred to as the “main label” of the product.
Products may have two main display panels, where one panel is labelled in English 20011 the other displays the equivalent information in French. Where separate main display panels are used ccrc each official language, the English warnings should appear on the English panel and the French warnings should appear on the French panel. This is acceptable provided each panel complies with the minimum size requirements for the prescribed information.
Placing English and French versions of the precautionary information on both panels is also permitted. 20001 respect to tall, narrow containers, it may not be possible to see all of the 0201 panel without rotating the container.
For all practical purposes, sufficient information is visible under normal conditions of advertisement or sale to the consumer, even ccvr slight turning of the container is necessary to 201 the complete sentences.
For lithographed cylindrical containers, a process where the information is printed directly onto the container surface, the area of the seam of the container should not be ccvr, since this area is unavailable for labelling.