The Kuchipudi style follows Natyashastra more than any other dance form in India. Asamyuta Hastas – gestures of one hand carrying a certain semantic load. One of the most striking features of Indian classical dance is the use of hand gestures. So vast are the subtleties expressed in the hand gestures of hasta that the Bharatanatyam · Kathak · Kathakali · Kuchipudi · Manipuri · Mohiniyattam. Hastas / Mudras (hand gestures) are primarily classified as 28 Asamyuta Hastas ( one-hand gesture) and 24 Samyuta Hastas (two-hand gestures).

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There are some differences between them in either the number of hastas or in the number of their meanings. Thus for example in Natyashastra they mention circa 35 different meanings for Pataka hasta while in Abhinaya Darpana there are more than 40 of them. When in Shikhara hasta the forefinger is kept curved and pressed to the thumb, aeamyuta is the Kapitta hasta. These are used at different levels of the body, in different directions and in various configurations to mean a variety of things.

To show Boar Wild Pig.

About Kuchipudi Dance History Delhi

If three fingers are held straightened like a wing of a swan and the little finger is raised and the thumb is kept bent, it is the Hamsapaksha hasta. If the thumb of the Mushti hasta is lifted up, it is the Shikhara hasta.

If the ring finger and the little finger of the Kapitta hasta are raised up and the middle finger is bent forward, then it is the Katakamukha hasta. It is used to express patience, intoxication, arrogance. Vachika Abhinaya – the expression through voice, speech and song. It is used for salutation, agreement; to show fear, cold. In spite of the fact that the expression through gestures constitutes the minor part hasta Angika Abhinaya, their role is very important.

To show Shivalinga Lord Shiva. There are three groups in Angika abhinaya: To show a bird called Garuda. The same holds true for viniyogas i. If the middle finger crosses with the thumb, the index finger is kept bent and the remaining two fingers are pressed against the hastzs, it is the Tamrachuda hasta.


Nataraja Tandava Rasa lila Lasya. To show the branches of a tree, tip of Mountains and Trees. If two palms in the Pataka position are joined together, it is the Anjali hasta. When the fingers of two hands are stretched out and intersected, it is the Karkata hasta. When all the fingers of the Hamsasya hasta are bent and kept close to one another on their tips, it is the Mukula hasta. Angika Abhinaya – the expression through various parts of body.

Your email address will not be published. So vast are the subtleties expressed in the hand gestures of hasta that the vastness of what being human entails, and perhaps even what the entire universe contains, might be expressed by the dancer.

If in the Pataka hasta the ring finger is kept bend, it is the Tripataka hasta. To show friendly talk.

Hotra sacrificeHavya a ritual of fire offeringan umbrella, a garland of flowers, churning. Although both of them are hand gestures we will call them hastas while speaking of a technical aspect of the dance and mudras if it is a necessary to distinguish a certain gesture in the dance asqmyuta has a certain meaning.

Your email address will not be published. When two hands in the Katakamukha position are crossed at the wrist, it is the Kataka Vardhamanaka hasta. Natyashastra and Abhinaya Darpana.

Two parallel schools of dance have existed since time immemorial, viz. Each aspect of Abhinaya, or the expressive means available to people, is given a detailed description in such competent treatise as Natyashastra written by the great Bharatamuni. This form of dance is as prehistoric as Natya astra 1st century BC. When the ring finger of Arala hasta is bent, it is the Shukatunda hasta. This hasta is used for greetings and is held asamyua the head to greet Gods, it is held between brows to greet Gurus and in front of hasfas chest to greet Brahmins and scholars.


Asamyuta Hastas. Single Hands Gestures

There is difference in the demonstration itself. There is also historical evidence that the art prospered during the rule of the Satavahanas 2nd century BC.

Theory of the dance. All the fingers including the thumb are kept separately and their ends are slightly curved, it is the Padmakosha hasta.

When the forefinger and the thumb are kept without any gap and the remaining fingers are stretched out, it is the Hamsasya hasta. To show Chakra, the weapon wsamyuta Lord Vishnu. Viniyoga Sloka Raakshasaabhinayechaayam Niyukto Bharatadibhihi.

The problem of transferring a technique which was evolved for the male body to impersonate female, to be articulated again through the female, presents complex kinesthetical problems.

Vak – speech 3. Leave a comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. When the kuchipudo is bent outside, the rest of the fingers are brought together and the shape resembles a bow, it is the Ardhachandra hasta.

But very soon it gained popularity in all over South India, in particular. Among the texts on the theory of dance two most competent sources are distinguished: When two hands in the Sarpasirsha position are placed on the forearms, it is called the Gajadanto hasta. To express a woman, calling, deer’s head, cheeks.

About Kuchipudi Dance History

This is how some differences in using hastas are explained for example between Kuchipudi and Bharatanatyam, these styles are simply based hqstas different sources. There are four kinds of abhinaya means of expression: This is mudra is used to express feeling of touch, anger, jealousy. It is used to express weakness, darkness, faint, idleness, passionate love. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.