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The deformation is determined by a stylistic drive, which inaugurates a new order as it denies the ancient order.

Aprender A Hablar En Publico Hoy

What draws most attention to Lugones’ poetry is the constancy of attention to form and the sometimes too obvious process of manipulation to comply with formal demands. Far from being innocent consumers of a European series of productions valued more highly because of their originthese poets, sharing in the critical tradition of philology and science, offered up their own literary productions as an affirmation of this “Yo organizador” that sought to integrate, within a new aestheticism, the multiple strains of both mythic and scientific inheritance.

The received images that constitute our repertoire for viewing the productions of modernismo allow us to see them in a different light from their contemporaries. Although countless studies have pointed out the many styles, sources, and individual patterns of modernista poets, the survival of a facile critical grouping is difficult to overcome. They recast the vision of the city, the woman, and provincial landscapes through the eyes of a poetic self that makes few claims to structure.

In Hugo the reconciliation of opposites, the stress on the grotesque and evil ultimately absorbed in the harmony of the universe, is particularly clear even in his early aesthetic theories, as in the preface to Cromwell. Poets such as Leopoldo Marechal saw Lugones’ adherence to rhyme and to dear formal definitions of poetry as evidence of the mind and spirit of a cataloguer of rhetorical tricks.

Eclecticism, one of the traits of modernista poetry in general, was carried to extremes by Lugones. The analyses of Rama and Paz point up the two complementary aspects. If we read these works of modernismo as clues. The attention is directed to the surface quality, to the construction process itself, not to the design as a whole. With the intellect or with the Conscience it has only collateral relations.

Literary and social ohy such as Walter Benjamin and Michel Foucault have provided cogent explanations for the elevation of art to a religious discipline in the latter half of the nineteenth century. By turning to another realm of the spirit, the modernistas avowed their transgression of public standards of morality, hot at the same time the primacy of interiority over outwardly established canons of conduct and taste.


In the word, in the Word, there is something sacred that prevents making it into a game of chance. Literature is not an isolable commodity. With rhyme, rhythm, and extended imagistic development, every inch of space was filled, inviting crowding, violence and, ultimately, parody.

Juan Antonio Vallejo-Nágera

Why is there aprenxer much suspicion of it as a movement? The cult of the exotic, the emphasis on sonority, the enrichment of poetic meter, the delight in verbal play for its own sake, helped create for the modernistas a self-containment for poetry, setting it off from the everyday, communicative functions of language.

Texts, lights, arrows, keys, posters, that rise up like iconic, authoritative presences; fetishes: They view their role not as visionaries who have chosen isolation but as prophets who have been forcefully removed from certain spheres by their enemies, the forces of utilitarianism and bourgeois conservatism.

The art of poetry, of evocation, is a gift, a superior gift bestowed by grace, not by a set of circumstances or an application to cultivation of forms:. In addition, the sometimes grudging acclaim accorded Lugones results not only from his multiple literary poses but also from his rapidly changing ideological stances.

Dealing with a set of culturally valued icons usually derived from a European, especially French, context, the Spanish American writer has often been seen in a position of dependence. Many see the return to poetic orthodoxy in the period after as a sign of his growing identification with the ruling class.

He follows the banners due to his temperament of a pure artist, his violent and vibrant spirit, his evident and invincible vocation to suffer under the power of some Pilate of mediocrity. The pattern of reception and assimilation of these influences is the key to understanding the synthesis that he created from many sources.

ISNI Antonio Vallejo Nágera ()

Instead of innocent expression we find a system of clever resources, a game of rhetorical skill. My studies on modernismo began at Princeton University. By attributing conscious moral decisions to each artistic gesture of its public, critics have either condemned, defended, or condoned the modernista production with its context of “modernization. Although they admired the ironic and iconoclastic tone of the Lunario and its inventiveness, they rejected what they saw as a narrow-minded publio to form and not to spirit.

Later poets would use the fragments left by these late modernistas as the building blocks for a new diction often an incoherent diction that make Spanish American poetry of this century so distinct from its earlier models.

But it is its use-value that determines its sacred or profane powers, not its inherent qualities: Everyone’s najdra are always open; thoughts barely germinate before they are loaded with alrender and fruits, and jumping onto the paper; they enter everyone’s mind like fine powder; the railroads tear down the forest; the newspapers, the human forest.


These signs operate not only within his particular aesthetic system but relate as well to the conventions of a total cultural system.

The Dissonant Legacy of Modernismo

The creative function can express itself through music, the plastic arts, and literature, especially poetry. By returning to a poet who fully participated in modernismo ‘s currents, but who at the same time maintained a skeptical questioning distance within his work, some fissures that vein the movement can come to light.

Hierarchy is then necessary in order to maintain the conflict [the contradiction: The innovations of modernismo are based on the modernistas ‘ widening awareness of their dependence, both economic and cultural, on traditional and European models and their decision to fill the cultural vacuum resulting from this dependence. In this work of reconstitution and vengeance we cannot count on the men of the past: Like the self-generating process of growth, Lugones’ aprenrer point back on themselves, reflecting not only their origins but their differences from their models.

One may look for a disruptive or questioning movement on other levels, however. Significantly, the direction of the crusading impulse is inward-turning, to better recover elements from a distant past, as well as the outward turning to exotic realms hxblar legend and history. Both the inconsistencies and the contradictions expressed in his work during this period reveal a constant experimentation with different models. Despite his rejection by younger poets, however, he is nonetheless seen as the master craftsman, the perfect stylist.

Others speak of his “dudoso gusto” “questionable taste” and mention that, “Lugones, como poeta, no tiene personalidad, a pesar de su gran talento” “Lugones, publjco a poet, lacks personality, in spite of his great talent”.

Using the visual images of the map, the landscape painting, the decorated body, and the city itself as metaphors for the discussions of poetry, this book will show how modernismo ‘s overload of sensory paraphernalia creates the gaps that een as openings for new productions in Spanish American poetry.

Our idea of modernismo often takes on the image of a closed space, an escapist, ivory-tower world or an old trunk full of faded costumes and photos. Texts, books, and discourses really begin to have authors other than mythical, “sacralized” and “sacralizing” figures to the extent that authors became subject to punishment, that is, to the extent that discourses could be transgressive.