ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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In discussing speculation by other Muslim writers on the possible motion of the Earth, Biruni acknowledged that he riahan neither prove nor disprove it, but commented favourably on the idea that the Earth rotates.

In his description of Sijzi’s astrolabe he hints at contemporary debates over the movement of the earth. Views Read Edit View history.

Born in the city of Kheva near “Ural” in A. In addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni was also influenced by other nations, such as the Greeks, who he took inspiration from when he turned to studies of philosophy. He was an impartial writer on customs and creeds of various nations, and was given the title al-Ustadh “The Master” for his remarkable description of early 11th-century India.

Biruni also came up with different hypotheses about heat and light. He said this in the context of demonstrating his total disgust with flattery, even when it was being directed at him.

A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary. The Iranian scholar al–biruni says that the Khwarazmian era began when the region was first settled and cultivated, this date being placed in al-briuni early 13th-century BC Frye, Richard Nelson Al-biruin Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King Mahmood Ghaznawi, who was one of the famous Muslim kings of the 11th century A.


He spent much of his life in Ghaznithen capital of the Ghaznavid dynastyin modern-day central-eastern Afghanistan. But even if the impulses for geometric design were originally created at the highest intellectual level, the designs themselves rapidly became automatic patterns.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

Ar-rayhan-al-biruni Open replica book of Biruni’s astronomical encyclopaedia ‘Kitab at-Qanun rajhan, showing planetary motions.

You need to log in or register to comment. In Meri, Josef W. At the same time, Al-Biruni was also critical of Indian scribes who he believed carelessly corrupted Indian documents while making copies of older documents.

He explained aby working of natural springs and artesian wells by the hydrostatic principle of communicating vessels. For the university, see Al-Beroni University. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references. Retrieved 11 September He recorded observations of his travels through India in his well-known book Kitab al-Hind which gives a graphic account of the historical and social conditions of the sub-continent.

Al Biruni Stock Photos & Al Biruni Stock Images – Alamy

Leonardo da Vinci, Italian: Babylonian mathematics Greek mathematics Indian mathematics. Although he never entirely focuses just on physics in any of his books, the study of physics is present throughout many of his various works.

GhazniGhaznavid Empire modern-day Afghanistan. An imaginary rendition of Al Biruni on a Soviet al-birunu stamp. Recent comments on this blog Its very well known that ancient Egypt imported cedar trees from Levantine regions. Different forts and landmarks were able to be located, legitimizing Al-Biruni’s contributions with their usefulness to even modern history and archeology. His scientific method, taken together with that of other Muslim scien- tists, such as Ibn al-Haithamlaid down the early foundation of modern science.


The blog is designed to be a place for the science community from the Middle East, or those interested in the region, to meet, discuss and learn. He ascertained that as compared with the speed of sound the speed of light is immense.

His book on Indian culture is by far the most important of his encyclopaedic works. This question is most difficult to solve.


He stated that he was fully objective in his writings, remaining unbiased like a proper historian should. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

Please try again later. In abbu search for…. Royalty and powerful members of society sought out Al-Biruni to ql-biruni research and study to uncover certain findings.

Nevertheless, he managed to become the most original polymath the Islamic world had ever known.