ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

Author: Faeramar Jukora
Country: Paraguay
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Personal Growth
Published (Last): 16 July 2014
Pages: 337
PDF File Size: 11.93 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.31 Mb
ISBN: 122-1-33548-322-9
Downloads: 44280
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mizahn

An example of Al-Biruni’s analysis is his summary of why many Hindus hate Muslims. This article is about the medieval Muslim scientist and scholar.

That the name was pronounced in this way in Central Asia about the author’s time, we learn from indisputable statement regarding our author from the pen of Alsam’ani, a philologist and biographer of high repute. In the introduction to his book on pharmacology, he wrote about the importance of language in identifying drugs and in that context took an excursion into the relative worth of languages. He was born in the outer district of Kaththe capital of the Afrighid dynasty of Khwarezm now a part of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan [14] [10] or Chorasmia.

In his major extant astronomical work, the Mas’ud CanonBiruni utilizes his observational data to disprove Ptolemy’s immobile solar apogee. He spent much of his life in Ghaznithen capital of the Ghaznavid dynastyin modern-day central-eastern Afghanistan.

Al-Biruni biography

Adding all the titles in the index, as well as those found later, brings his total production to titles, each averaging raihwn 90 folios. He recognizes that uneducated Hindus worshipped a multiplicity of idols yet points out that even some Muslims such as the Jabiriyya have adopted anthropomorphic concepts of God. My book is nothing but a simple historic record of facts.


Comments 25 Jul American Federation of Astr. His book the Kitab-al-Jamahir deals with the properties of various precious stones.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

He carried on a lengthy correspondence and sometimes heated debate with Ibn Sinain which Biruni repeatedly attacks Aristotle’s celestial physics: Of his own al-bieuni background even less is known. The contribution of Iranians to Islamic mathematics is overwhelming.

Retrieved 22 June But, his details are brief and mostly just list rulers without referring to their real names. Check date values in: Pingree, David February 1, He may even have learned some Sanskrit. Retrieved 10 November You can make it raihxn for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. His underlying concept was that all cultures are at least distant relatives of all other cultures because they are all human constructs.

In discussing speculation by other Muslim writers on ralhan possible motion of the Earth, Biruni acknowledged that he could neither prove nor disprove it, but commented favourably on the idea that the Earth rotates. Enter your log in email address and we’ll send you a link to reset your password. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mahatma Gandhi, Indian lawyer, politician, al-biruji activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist….


Sell images Our Blog. Biruni documented everything about India just as it happened.

He sought to find a method to measure the height of the sun, and created an early version of an astrolabe for that purpose. Muslim Perceptions of Other Religions: He also wrote the Kitab-al-Saidanawhich is an extensive materia medica that combines the then existing Arabic knowledge on the subject with the Indian medicine.

International Journal of Sciences. He capped that particular discussion with a solution to the rather sophisticated spherical trigonometric problem of determining the direction of Mecca along the local horizon at Ghazna. Continue Cancel Send email OK.


In this book, he has discussed the rotation of the earth and has given correct values of latitudes and longitudes of various places. In his description of Sijzi’s astrolabe he hints at contemporary debates over the movement of the earth. Thank you for your feedback. It is generally accepted that he was Persian by origin, and spoke the Khwarizmian dialect Rahman, H.

Besides al-birhni a challenging mathematical problem, determining the direction of Mecca is a religious requirement for the performance of al-biurni ordained five daily prayers in Islam.

Thank You for Your Contribution!

Posted in Art